Should gay marriage be legalised – UK Human

Thursday, August 23rd, 2018

The US Supreme Court wrestled with the precedent of thousands of years of history yesterday as they debated legalising same-sex and whether to fundamentally change an institution that has existed between a man and a woman for “millennia” In a landmark case the nine justices heard arguments over whether should be as a constitutional all across America forcing the 13 US states who currently ban same-sex s to perform the unions The long-awaited case came two years after the Supreme Court voted 5-4 to strike down a law defining as between only a man and a woman when it came to applying for federal benefits paving the way for a potential wider ruling on

In July 2015 Kim Jho Kwang-soo and his partner Kim Seung-Hwan filed a lawsuit seeking legal status for their after their registration form was rejected by the local authorities in Seoul On 25 May 2016 a South Korean district court ruled against the couple and argued that without clear legislation a same-sex union can not be recognized as a [431] The couple quickly filed an appeal against the district court ruling Their lawyer Ryu Min-Hee announced that two more same-sex couples had filed separate lawsuits in order to be allowed. Since 2005 same-sex couples have been allowed to enter into civil partnerships a separate union providing the legal consequences of In 2006 the High Court rejected a legal bid by a British lesbian couple who had married in Canada to have their union recognised as a in the UK rather than a civil partnership. In November 2015 the National LGBT Taskforce of Israel petitioned the Supreme Court of Israel to allow same-sex in the country arguing that the refusal of the rabbinical court to recognise same-sex should not prevent civil courts from performing same-sex s.[389] The court handed down a ruling on 31 August 2017 determining the issue was the responsibility of the Knesset and not the judiciary.[390] By Peter Foster Washington and agencies 9:45PM BST. On 7 April 2016 the Court ruled that doesn't exclusively apply to opposite-sex couples.[216][217][218][219] On 28 April 2016 the Constitutional Court rules that same-sex couples are allowed to enter into civil s in the country and that judges and notaries are barred from refusing to perform same-sex weddings.[220][221][222] The main -wing opposition party UMP challenged the law in the Constitutional Council which had one month to rule on whether the law conformed to the Constitution The Constitutional Council had previously ruled that the issue of same-sex was one for the Parliament to decide and there was only little hope for UMP to overturn the Parliament's vote.[247] On 17 May 2013 the Constitutional Council declared the bill legal in its entire redaction President François Hollande signed it into law on. Same-Sex became legal in Norway on 1 January 2009 when a gender-neutral bill was enacted after being passed by the Norwegian Parliament in June 2008.[306][307] Norway became the first Scandinavian country and the sixth country in the world to legalize same-sex Gender-neutral replaced Norway's previous system of registered partnerships for same-sex couples Couples in registered partnerships are able to retain that status or convert their registered partnership to a No new registered partnerships may be created.[308] It should be noted however that conubium existed only between a civis Romanus and a civis Romana (that is between a male Roman citizen and a female Roman citizen) so that a between two Roman males (or with a slave) would have no legal standing in Roman law (apart presumably from the arbitrary will of the emperor in the two aforementioned cases).[131] Furthermore according to Susan Treggiari "matrimonium was then an institution involving a mother mater The idea implicit in the word is that a man took a woman in in matrimonium ducere so that he might have children. In 2013 activist Pamela Troya filed a lawsuit to strike down Ecuador's same-sex ban and legalise same-sex in the country The lawsuit remains pending.[376] The 2018 Inter-American Court of s ruling regarding the legalisation of same-sex in countries that have ratified the American Convention on s applies to Ecuador In May 2018 the Ecuador Supreme Court ruled in a lesbian parenting case that the IACHR ruling is fully binding on Ecuador and that the country must also implement the ruling in due course.[377] On 21 February 2017 Minister for Social Dialogue Consumer Affairs and Civil Liberties Helena Dalli said that she was preparing a bill to legalise same-sex [264] The bill was presented to Parliament on 5 July 2017.[265] The bill's last reading took place in Parliament on 12 July 2017 where it was approved 66-1 It was signed into law and published in the Government Gazette on 1 August 2017.[266] Malta became the 14th country in Europe to legalise same-sex [267][268] With several countries revising their laws to recognize same-sex couples in the 21st century all major English dictionaries have revised their definition of the word to either drop gender specifications or supplement them with secondary definitions to include gender-neutral language or explicit recognition of same-sex unions.[52][53] The Oxford English Dictionary has recognized same-sex. “so the significance of this exchange is that Justice Kennedy sees Michigan’s ban as infringing a legitimate dignity interest and is unhappy with the lack of a meaningful response from the anti - side.” Both sides will have to wait until June for the court to hand down its verdict on an issue that still bitterly divides American even as public opinion and a growing number of US states have swung behind At one point about 30 minutes after hearing began a protester shouted that the justices would "burn in hell" if they backed before he was dragged screaming from the packed courtroom On 28 November 2011 the first two same-sex s occurred in Quintana Roo after it was discovered that Quintana Roo's Civil Code did not explicitly prohibit same-sex [271] but these s were later annulled by the Governor of Quintana Roo in April 2012.[272] In May 2012 the Secretary of State of Quintana Roo reversed the annulments and allowed for future same-sex s to be performed in. Professional organizations of psychologists have concluded that children stand to benefit from the well-being that results when their parents' relationship is recognized and supported by society's institutions e.g civil For example the Canadian Psychological Association stated in 2006 that "parents' financial psychological and physical well-being is enhanced by and that children benefit from being raised by two parents within a legally-recognized union."[14] The CPA stated in 2003 the stressors encountered by and lesbian parents and their children are more likely the result of the way society treats them than because of any deficiencies in fitness to parent.[14] In August 2016 a lawyer in El Salvador filed a lawsuit before the country's Supreme Court asking for the nullification of Article 11 of the Family Code which defines as a heterosexual union Labeling the law as discriminatory and explaining the lack of gendered terms used in Article 34 of the Constitution’s summary of a the lawsuit seeks to allow same-sex couples the to wed.[378] The Court dismissed the lawsuit in December 2016.[379] A second lawsuit was filed in November 2016 The 2018 Inter-American Court of s ruling regarding the legalisation of same-sex in countries that have ratified the American Convention on s applies to El Salvador. The Stonewall pressure group called for same-sex couples to be allowed religious weddings if churches agreed It added: ‘The vitriol seen in statements by many political and religious figures particularly some senior clerics in advance of this consultation demonstrates the persistence of deeply worrying prejudice towards people.’ ‘In many cases they have bypassed the democratic process and succeeded in imposing their views on the rest of the population by force of law.‘We are seeing the same principle at work in the Government’s sham of a consultation on same-sex ’He added: ‘The ruling from the ECHR will embolden those whose concerns about same-sex and adoption are not inspired by personal hatred and animosity but by a genuine concern for the well-being of children and the welfare of society.‘Instead of rushing to legislate without seriously considering the views of the electorate the Government should be encouraging a measured public debate on the nature and meaning of ’ Equalities Minister Lynne Featherstone argues that same-sex couples should not be denied the to marry They declared: ‘The European Convention on s does not require member states’ governments to grant same-sex couples access to ’The judges added that couples who are not married do not enjoy the same status as those who are ‘With regard to married couples the court considers that in view of the social personal and legal consequences of the applicants’ legal situation could not be said to be comparable to that of married couples.’The French civil partners Valerie Gas and Nathalie Dubois tried to secure s under clauses that prevent discrimination and protect privacy and family life In September 2016 President Bachelet stated before a United Nations General Assembly panel that the Chilean Government would submit a same-sex bill to Congress in the first half of 2017.[357] A same-sex bill was submitted in September 2017.[358] Parliament began discussing the bill on 27 November 2017.[359] The 2018 Inter-American Court of s ruling regarding the legalisation of same-sex in countries that have ratified the American Convention on s applies. Brazil's Supreme Court ruled in May 2011 that same-sex couples are legally entitled to legal recognition of cohabitation (known as união estável one of the two possible family entities in Brazilian legislation It included almost all of the s available to married couples in Brazil.[189] Between mid-2011 and May 2013 same-sex couples had their cohabitation issues converted into s in several Brazil states with the approval of a state judge All legal Brazilian s were always recognized all over Brazil.[190] On 11 February 2014 the Congress of Coahuila approved adoptions by same-sex couples A bill legalizing same-sex s passed on 1 September 2014 making Coahuila the second state to reform its Civil Code to allow for legal same-sex s.[274] It took effect on 17 September and the first couple married on 20 September.[275] British Judge Sir Nicolas Bratza then head of the European Court of s delivered a speech in 2012 that signaled the court was ready to declare same-sex a " " as soon as enough countries fell. In September 2011 the Coalition Government announced its intention to introduce same-sex civil in England and Wales by the May 2015 general election.[321] However unlike the Scottish Government's consultation the UK Government's consultation for England and Wales did not include provision for religious ceremonies In May 2012 three religious groups (Quakers Liberal Judaism and Unitarians) sent a letter to David Cameron asking that they be allowed to solemnise same-sex weddings.[322] There are differing positions regarding the manner in which same-sex has been introduced into democratic jurisdictions A "majority rules" position holds that same-sex is valid or void and illegal based upon whether it has been accepted by a simple majority of voters or of their elected representatives.[509] In contrast a civil s view holds that the institution can be validly created through the ruling of an impartial judiciary carefully examining the questioning and finding that the to marry regardless of the gender of the participants is guaranteed under the civil s laws of the jurisdiction.[510] In October 2016 the Ministry of Women Children and Social Welfare constituted a committee for the purpose of preparing a draft bill to legalize same-sex [413] In December 2015 the Portuguese Parliament approved a bill to recognise adoptions s for same-sex couples.[311][312][313] It came into effect. Cambodia: · 50 communes Costa Rica Israel Japan: · 7 cities Poland San Marino United Kingdom: · Cayman Islands In June 2012 the UK Government completed the consultation to allow civil for same-sex couples in England and Wales.[323] In its response to the consultation the Government said that it also intended " to enable those religious organisations that wish to conduct same-sex ceremonies to do so on a permissive. On 17 May 2016 the President of Mexico Enrique Peña Nieto signed an initiative to change the country's Constitution which would legalize same-sex throughout Mexico.[293] On 9 November 2016 the Committee on Constitutional Issues of the Chamber of Deputies rejected the initiative 19. In November 2012 the Court of Bahia equalized in the state. In December 2017 the Constitutional Court of Austria ruled in a discrimination case that same-sex will become legal in that nation on 1 January 2019 if Parliament does not legalize it before. Opponents of same-sex who want to be restricted to heterosexuals such as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints the Catholic Church and the Southern Baptist Convention use the term traditional to mean opposite-sex [55][56][57] Article 12 of the European Convention on s states that: "Men and women of able age have the to marry and to found a family according to the national laws governing the exercise of this ",[146] not limiting to those in a heterosexual relationship However the ECHR stated in Schalk and Kopf v Austria that this provision was intended to limit to heterosexual relationships as it used the term "men and women" instead of "everyone".[141] 200 View comments ('bundle' function(){ ('top'); }); Same-sex marriages are not a human right European judges have ruled Their decision shreds the claim by ministers that gay marriage is a universal human right and that same-sex couples have a right to marry because their mutual commitment is just as strong as that of husbands and wives The ruling was made by judges of the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg following a case involving a lesbian couple in a civil partnership who complained the French courts would not allow them to adopt a child as a couple On 24 May 2017 the Constitutional Court ruled that same-sex couples have the to marry and gave the Taiwanese Government two years to amend the law to that effect If the law is not amended after two years same-sex couples will be able to register a valid application in Taiwan.[1] In Nigeria homosexual activity between men but not between women is illegal In 2006 Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo introduced legislation that prohibits same-sex s and criminalizes anyone who "performs witnesses aids or abets" such ceremonies.[484] Among the Igbo people and probably other peoples in the south of the country there are circumstances where a between women is considered appropriate such as when a woman has no child and her husband dies and she takes a wife to perpetuate her inheritance and family lineage.[485] A or bisexual man has the option of surrogacy the process in which a woman bears a child for another person through artificial insemination or carries another woman's surgically implanted fertilized egg to birth A lesbian or bisexual woman has the option of artificial insemination.[500][501] On 4 February 2014 the Scottish Parliament overwhelmingly passed legislation legalising same-sex [333] The bill received royal assent as the and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014 on 12 March 2014.[334][335] The law took effect on 16 December 2014 with the first same-sex weddings occurring for those converting their civil partnerships into [336][337] In October 2016 Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines Pantaleon Alvarez announced he will file a civil union bill in Congress.[423] The bill was introduced to Congress in October of the following year under the wing of the House Speaker and three other congresspersons including Geraldine Roman the country's first duly-elected transgender lawmaker.[424] In the referendum 63.4% of the voters voted against the law rendering Parliament's same-sex act invalid.[430] Michelle Bachelet the President of Chile who was elected to a second term in March 2014 has promised to work for the implementation of same-sex and has a majority in both houses of Congress Previously she said " equality I believe we have to make it happen."[351] Polling shows majority support for same-sex among Chileans.[352] A poll carried out during September 2015 by the pollster Cadem Plaza Pública found that 60% of Chileans supported same-sex whilst 36% were against it.[353] The Court issued its ruling in response to a motion brought by Costa Rica in 2016 The Costa Rican Government asked the Court to give its opinion on whether it had an obligation to extend property s to same-sex couples and the Court ruled that it did The Costa Rican Government also wanted to know whether it should allow transgender people to change their name and gender on their identity documents Again the Court ruled that. In December 2012 the state of São Paulo likewise had same-sex legalized by court order.[193] Same-sex s also became equalized in relation to opposite-sex ones between January 2012 and April 2013 by court order in Alagoas Ceará Espírito Santo the Federal District Mato Grosso do Sul Paraíba Paraná Piauí Rondônia Santa Catarina and Sergipe and in Santa Rita do Sapucaí a municipality in Minas Gerais In Rio de Janeiro the State Court facilitated its realization by district judges in agreement with the equalization (instead of ordering notaries to accept same-sex s in demand as all others).[194] Prior to the legalization of same-sex the Civil Partnership and Certain s and Obligations of Cohabitants Act 2010 allowed same sex couples to enter civil partnerships The Act came into force on 1 January 2011 and gave same-sex couples s and responsibilities similar to but not equal to those. The Bulgarian Constitution forbids the legalisation of same-sex stipulating that can only be between a man and a woman In late 2017 a Bulgarian same-sex couple who married in the United Kingdom filed a lawsuit in order to have their recognised.[349] The Sofia Administrative Court ruled against them in January 2018.[350] Spain was the third country in the world to legalize same-sex which has been legal since 3 July 2005 and was supported by the majority of the Spanish people.[314][315] On 27 May 2014 the National Assembly's Committee for Social Affairs removed the provision giving legal status and some s to cohabiting same-sex couples from the Government's bill to amend the Law on and Family.[467][468] The bill was approved by the National Assembly on 19 June 2014.[469][470] On 1 January 2015 the 2014 Law on and Family officially went into effect It states that while Vietnam allows same-sex weddings it will not offer legal recognition or protection to unions between people of the. On 19 March 2015 a bill to legalize same-sex was introduced to the Legislative Assembly by Deputy Ligia Elena Fallas Rodríguez from the Broad Front.[362] On 10 December 2015 the organization Front for Equal s (Frente Por los Derechos Igualitarios) and a group of deputies presented another bill.[363][364][365] In a ruling published on 9 January 2017 the 7th Constitutional Court of Lima ordered the RENIEC to recognize and register the of a same-sex couple who had previously wed in Mexico City.[418][419] RENIEC later appealed the ruling.[420] On 14 February 2017 a bill legalizing same-sex was introduced in the Peruvian Congress.[421] On 26 May 2015 Greenland one of Denmark's two other constituent countries in the Realm of Denmark unanimously passed a law legalising same-sex [226][227] The first same-sex couple to marry in Greenland married on 1 April 2016 the day the law went into effect.[228] Armenia has historically had few protections or recognition in law of same-sex couples This changed in July 2017 when the Ministry of Justice revealed that all s performed abroad are valid in Armenia including s between people of the same sex.[348] That made Armenia the second country of the former Soviet Union after Estonia to recognise same-sex s performed abroad. In 2006 Israel's High Court of Justice ruled to recognize foreign same-sex s for the limited purpose of registration with the Administration of Border Crossings Population and Immigration; however this is merely for statistical purposes and grants no state-level s Israel does not recognize civil s performed under its own jurisdiction A bill was raised in the Knesset (Israeli Parliament) to rescind the High Court's ruling but the Knesset did not advance the bill A bill to legalize same-sex and interfaith civil s was defeated in the Knesset 39–11 on. In November 2008 the Supreme Court of Nepal issued final judgment on matters related to LGBT s which included permitting same-sex couples to marry Same-sex and protection for sexual minorities were to be included in the new Nepalese Constitution required to be completed by 31 May 2012.[410][411] However the Legislature was unable to agree on the Constitution before the deadline and was dissolved after the Supreme Court ruled that the term could not be extended.[412] The Nepali Constitution was enacted in September 2015 but does not address same-sex In 2009 a pair of economists at Emory University tied the passage of state bans on same-sex in the United States to an increase in the rates of HIV infection.[70][71] The study linked the passage of a same-sex ban in a state to an increase in the annual HIV rate within that state of roughly 4 cases per 100,000 population.[72] Registered partnerships have been legal in Finland. © Copy of Telegraph Media Group Limited 2018 Terms and Conditions Today's News Archive Style Book Weather Forecast The speed of change on the issue in the US has been dizzying The first state to allow and lesbian couples to marry was Massachusetts in 2004 and as recently as October barely a third of the states permitted it National opinion polls tipped in favour of only in 2011 John Roberts the court’s conservative-leaning chief justice agreed “You're seeking to change what the institution [of ] is,” he said before querying if the court should rule on an issue of such momentous and unsettled social policy "Closing the debate can close minds,” he warned Justice Kennedy interrogated both sides fiercely first arguing that legalising would be over-writing thousands of years of tradition of being between a man and a woman with an institution that only first became legal in the US just over a decade ago “This definition has been with us for millennia and I think it's very difficult for this court to say ‘we know better’," Justice Kennedy said US florist who declined to service wedding broke. In 342 AD Christian emperors Constantius II and Constans issued a law in the Theodosian Code (C Th 9.7.3) prohibiting same-sex in Rome and ordering execution for those so married.[133] Note: Countries and territories in which same-sex laws have been repealed are not included on the table 2001 Netherlands (1 April). The Northern Ireland Executive has stated that it does not intend to introduce legislation allowing for same-sex in Northern Ireland Same-sex s from other jurisdictions are treated as civil partnerships.[338] By Steve Doughty for the Daily Mail Published: 22:59 BST 20 March 2012 | Updated: 13:07 BST. Scientific literature indicates that parents' financial psychological and physical well-being is enhanced by and that children benefit from being raised by two parents within a legally recognized union (either a mixed-sex or same-sex union) As a result professional scientific associations have argued for same-sex to be legally recognized as it will be beneficial to the children of same-sex parents or carers.[13][14][15][490][491] In the Dutch Caribbean special municipalities of Bonaire Sint Eustatius and Saba is open to same-sex couples A law enabling same-sex couples to marry in these municipalities passed and came into effect on 10 October 2012.[296] The Caribbean countries Aruba Curaçao and Sint Maarten forming the remainder of the Kingdom of the Netherlands do not perform same-sex s but must recognize those performed in the Netherlands proper. A study of nationwide data from across the United States from January 1999 to December 2015 revealed that the establishment of same-sex is associated with a significant reduction in the rate of attempted suicide among children with the effect being concentrated among children of a minority sexual orientation.[34][35][36][37][38] The Civil Union Act was passed by the National Assembly on 14 November 2006 by a vote of 230 to 41 It became law on 30 November 2006 South Africa became the fifth country the first in Africa and the second outside Europe to legalize same-sex The American Academy of Pediatrics concluded in 2006 in an analysis published in the journal Pediatrics:[68] On 21 December 2009 the Federal District's Legislative Assembly legalized same-sex s and adoption by same-sex couples The law was enacted eight days later and became effective in early March 2010.[269] On 10 August 2010 the Mexican Supreme Court ruled that while not every state must grant same-sex s they must all recognize those performed where they. April DeBoer and Jayne Rowse plaintiffs from Michigan in Obergefell v Hodges speak to the media Outside a crowd of more than 1,000 people gathered on the steps of the court sparring over the issue with those favoring outnumbering their opponents “Homo sex is a sin,” read one demonstrator's placard while nearby a man shouted into a microphone that s violate the laws of God as a group of same-sex advocates tried to drown him out by singing The Star-Spangled Banner

After a motion lodged by Costa Rica the Inter-American Court of s issued a landmark advisory ruling in favour of same-sex on 9 January 2018 which is expected to facilitate legalisation in several countries in the Americas.[nb 7][3] The European Court of s based in the French eastern city of Strasbourg has ruled that same-sex s are not a It means that if MPs legislate for same-sex the Coalition’s promise that churches will not be compelled to conduct the weddings will be worthless Despite their relative independence few organizations recognize same-sex partnerships without condition The agencies of the United Nations recognize same-sex s if and only if the country of citizenship of the employees in question recognizes the [472] In some cases these organizations do offer a limited selection of the benefits normally provided to mixed-sex married couples to de facto partners or domestic partners of their staff but even individuals who have entered into a mixed-sex civil union in their home country are not guaranteed full recognition of this union in all organizations However the World Bank does recognize domestic partners.[473] Category:lgbt culture The Court said that governments "must recognise and guarantee all the s that are derived from a family bond between people of the same sex" They also said that it was inadmissible and discriminatory for a separate legal provision to be established (such as civil unions) instead of same-sex s The Court demanded that governments "guarantee access to all existing forms of domestic legal systems including the to in order to ensure the protection of all the s of families formed by same-sex couples without discrimination" Recognising the difficulty in passing such laws in countries where there is strong opposition to same-sex it recommended that governments pass temporary decrees until new legislation is brought in.[152] A reference to same-sex (by the Egyptians and Canaanites) exists in the Talmud The Old Testament prohibited homosexual relations (Lev 18:22 20:13) and the Jewish sages provide the reason for this as being that the Hebrews were warned not to "follow the acts of the land of Egypt or the acts of the land of Canaan." The sages explicitly state: "what did [the Egyptians and Canaanites] do? A man would marry a man and a woman [marry]. Legal recognition of same-sex s in South Africa came about as a result of the Constitutional Court's decision in the case of Minister of Home Affairs v Fourie The court ruled on 1 December 2005 that the existing laws violated the equality clause of the Bill of s because they discriminated on the basis of sexual orientation The court gave Parliament one year to rectify the inequality. In Taiwan on 24 May 2017 the Constitutional Court ruled that same-sex couples have the to marry under the Taiwanese Constitution and that the Legislative Yuan has two years to amend the laws to align with the Constitution If this is not done same-sex couples may have their unions registered as s and be treated as such. Published by Associated Newspapers Ltd Part of the Daily Mail The Mail on Sunday & Metro. The terms of employment of the staff of international organizations (not commercial) in most cases are not governed by the laws of the country where their offices are located Agreements with the host country safeguard these organizations' impartiality. Same-Sex s and civil unions are currently not recognized by the state the illegal insurgent Communist Party of the Philippines performs same-sex s in territories under its control. But the Strasbourg judges said there had been no discrimination against them because they were s said the decisions transformed the impact of David Cameron’s planned same-sex Addison a specialist in discrimination law said: ‘Once same-sex has been then the partners to such a are entitled to exactly the same s as partners in a heterosexual This means that if same-sex is in the UK it will be illegal for the Government to prevent such s happening in religious premises.’ The law took effect on 1 March 2017.[241] It was the first time a citizens' initiative had been approved by the Finnish Parliament.[232] The Government’s consultation paper also said that no church would have to conduct weddings It said there would be different legal categories of civil and religious and same-sex couples would not be allowed religious Church of England lawyers have already warned that if same-sex goes ahead then equality law is likely to force churches to fall into line and perform the wedding Strasbourg ruling won praise from campaigners against same-sex Norman Wells of the Family Education Trust said: ‘For too long campaigners have been using the language of s in an attempt to add moral force to what are nothing more than personal desires. When the distinction between same-sex unions that are not termed s in relation to same-sex is made the difference in the numbers of approval and disapproval is still insignificant below 1%; the most frequent reason for disapproval is a supposed 'unnaturalness' of same-sex relationships followed by religious beliefs.[201][202] On 5 January 2016 a court in Changsha southern Hunan Province agreed to hear the lawsuit of 26-year-old Sun Wenlin filed in December 2015 against the Bureau of Civil Affairs of Furong District for its June 2015 refusal to let him marry his 36-year-old male partner Hu Mingliang On 13 April 2016 with hundreds of same-sex supporters outside the Changsha court ruled against Sun who vowed to appeal citing the importance of his case for LGBT progress. We no longer check to see whether .uk displays properly in Internet Explorer version 6 or earlier To see our content at its best we recommend upgrading if you wish to continue using IE or using another browser such as Firefox Safari or Google Chrome Accessibility links One source of controversy is whether same-sex affects freedom of religion.[531][532][533][534][535] Some religious organizations may refuse to provide employment public accommodations adoption services and other benefits to same-sex couples.[536] Some jurisdictions include religion accommodation provisions in equality laws.[537] The comments below have been moderated in advance   View all The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline We are no longer accepting comments on this article. A January 2013 Datamonitor poll found that 54.1% of respondents were in favour of same-sex [401] A May 2013 Ipsos poll found that 42% of Italians supported allowing same-sex couples to marry and adopt children.[402] An October 2014 Demos poll found that 55% of respondents were in favour of same-sex with 42% against.[403] A Pew Research Center survey showed that 59% of Italians were in favour of legalising same-sex [404] Same-Sex couple Jacques Hurtado (L) and Ismael Ramirez-Hurtado pose after they were married on July 1 2013 in West Hollywood California “Same­-sex couples say of course we understand the nobility and the sacredness of the We know we can't procreate but we want the other attributes of it in order to show that we too have a dignity that can be fulfilled.” Predicting the outcome of Supreme Court hearings is notoriously difficult and expert legal observers hedged over the direction that Justice Kennedy’s casting vote would fall in the case - known as Obergefell v Hodges “The balance between Justice Kennedy's comments in the first and second halves of the argument leaves things in a state of flux You couldn't confidently predict the outcome,” said Tom Goldstein of the authoritative Scotusblog which follows. On 24 July 2013 a civil court judge in Bogotá declared a same-sex couple legally married after a ruling on 11 July 2013 accepting the petition This was the first same-sex couple married in Colombia.[211][212] In September 2013 two civil court judges married two same-sex couples.[213] The first was challenged by a conservative group and it was initially annulled Nevertheless in October a High Court (Tribunal Supremo de Bogotá) maintained the validity. Prime Minister Andrej Babiš supports the legalisation of same-sex [373] A bill to legalise same-sex was introduced to the Czech Parliament in June 2018.[374] Recent opinion polls have shown that the bill is quite popular in the Czech Republic; a 2018 poll found that 75% of Czechs favoured legalising same-sex [375] The American Anthropological Association stated on 26 February 2004:[18] The results of more than a century of anthropological research on households kinship relationships and families across cultures and through time provide no support whatsoever for the view that either civilization or viable social orders depend upon as an exclusively heterosexual institution Rather anthropological research supports the conclusion that a vast array of family types including families built upon same-sex partnerships can contribute to stable and e societies. However Michel Paradis a constitutional lawyer and professor at Columbia Law School in New York said that Justice Kennedy’s previous rulings – with their accent on the dignity of the individual – should give the pro - side the greater cause for optimism after the hearings How America learned to love Apple boss Tim Cook 'deeply disappointed' by Indiana's anti- law“ “The concept of ‘dignity’ is the cornerstone of Kennedy's jurisprudence and the federal decision from two years ago in particular,” Dr Paradis said Writing in Harvard Magazine in 2013 legal historian Michael Klarman wrote that while there was a growth of s activism in the 1970s United States " equality was not then a priority." He argued that many people were not initially interested in deeming it to be a traditionalist institution and that the search for legal recognition of same-sex relationships began in the late 1980s.[134] Others such as Faramerz Dabhoiwala writing for The Guardian say that the modern movement began in. In the United States continual polling by Gallup has shown that support for same-sex has grown rapidly while opposition has collapsed In 1996 68% of Americans opposed same-sex while only 27% supported In 2018 67% of Americans supported same-sex while only 31% opposed.[78] On 10 February 2016 the Constitutional Court of Costa Rica announced it would hear a case seeking to legalize same-sex in Costa Rica and declare the country's same-sex ban unconstitutional.[366] Same-Sex is not legal in Japan Article 24 of the Japanese Constitution states that " shall be based only on the mutual consent of both sexes and it shall be maintained through mutual cooperation with the equal s of husband and wife as a basis."[407] Article 24 was created to establish the equality of both sexes in in opposition to the pre-war legal situation whereby the husband/father was legally defined as the head of household and require permission from the male head of the family 51% of the Japanese population supports same-sex according to the latest poll carried. Various detailed polls and studies on same-sex that were conducted in several countries show that support for same-sex generally increases with higher levels of education and is stronger among younger generations.[79][80][81][82][10] In October 2014 the Estonian Parliament approved a civil union law open to both opposite-sex and same-sex couples.[380] In December 2016 the Tallinn Circuit Court ruled that same-sex s concluded in another country must be recognised as such in Estonia.[381] In the 2018 Costa Rican general election the IACHR ruling on same-sex became a prominent issue Carlos Alvarado Quesada who supports LGBT s and favors the implementation of the ruling won the election with 60.7% of the vote defeating Fabricio Alvarado a vocal opponent of LGBT s who was against the implementation of the ruling. Latest Video» On 5 June 2018 the European Court of Justice ruled in a case from Romania that married same-sex couples in the European Union have the same residency s as other married couples under certain conditions even if the state does not otherwise permit same-sex [150][151] In Vietnam currently only a between a man and a woman is recognized Vietnam's Ministry of Justice began seeking advice on legalizing same-sex from other governmental and non-governmental organizations in April and May 2012 and planned to further discuss the issue at the National Assembly in Spring 2013.[458] However in February 2013 the Ministry of Justice requested that the National Assembly avoid action until 2014.[459] At a hearing to discuss law reforms in April 2013 deputy minister of health Nguyen Viet Tien proposed that same-sex be made legal immediately.[460] In June 2013 the National Assembly began formal debate on a proposal to establish legal recognition for same-sex [463] On 24 September 2013 the Government issued the decree abolishing the fines on same-sex s The decree took effect on 11 November 2013.[464][465][466] More from The Telegraph In October 2012 Senator Armando Benedetti introduced a bill legalizing same-sex It initially only allowed for civil unions but he amended the text.[207] The Senate's First Committee approved the bill on 4 December 2012.[208][209] On 24 April 2013 the bill was defeated in the full Senate on a 51–17 vote.[210] Colby Melvin left and Brandon Brown embrace after the 2013 Supreme Court ruling (Reuters) Legal experts said the court appeared evenly split on the historic decision which will be handed down in June with Justice Anthony Kennedy almost certainly holding the casting vote

Slovenia recognises registered partnerships for same-sex couples. But set against those concerns Justice Kennedy issued a notably strong challenge to lawyers for the anti- side when they suggested that heterosexual s were superior because they included the higher purpose of procreation “That assumes that same-sex couples could not have the more noble purpose and that’s the whole point,” said an unusually animated Justice Kennedy interrupting On 12 June 2015 the Governor of Chihuahua announced that his administration would no longer oppose same-sex s within the state The order was effective immediately thus making Chihuahua the third state to legalize such unions.[276][277] New Zealand law only applies to New Zealand proper and the Ross Dependency in Antarctica Other New Zealand territories including Cook Islands Niue and Tokelau have their own law and do not perform or recognise same-sex [305] Since 1 January 2010 same-sex couples have been allowed to enter registered partnerships (Eingetragene Partnerschaft).[175] On 20 November 2013 the Greens introduced a bill in the Austrian Parliament that would legalise same-sex [176] It was sent to the Judiciary Committee on 17 December 2013.[177] The bill was supposed to be debated in Autumn 2014,[178] but was delayed by the ruling coalition. Uruguay's Chamber of Deputies passed a bill on 12 December 2012 to extend s to same-sex couples.[346] The Senate passed the bill on 2 April 2013 but with minor amendments On 10 April 2013 the Chamber of Deputies passed the amended bill by a two-thirds majority (71–22) The president promulgated the law on 3 May 2013 and it took effect on 5 August.[347] More than 16,000 same-sex couples are raising an estimated 22,000 adopted children in the United States.[498] Same-sex couples are raising 4% of all adopted children in the United States.[499] On 28 January 2015 the National Congress approved a bill recognizing civil unions for same-sex and opposite-sex couples offering some of the s of Bachelet signed the bill on 14 April and it came into effect on 22 October.[355][356] The 2018 Inter-American Court of s ruling regarding the legalisation of same-sex in countries that have ratified the American Convention on s applies to Peru On 11 January the president of the Supreme Court stated that the Peruvian Government should abide by the IACHR ruling.[160] The Netherlands was the first country to extend laws to include same-sex couples following the recommendation of a special commission appointed to investigate the issue in 1995 A same-sex bill passed the House of Representatives and the Senate in 2000 taking effect on. Opinion polls have shown that Israelis overwhelmingly support recognizing same-sex unions A 2017 opinion poll showed that 79% of the Israeli public were in favor of legalizing same-sex unions ( or civil unions).[391] A 2018 poll showed that 58% of Israelis were in favor of same-sex [392] The Law of the People's Republic of China explicitly defines as the union between one man and one woman No other form of civil union is recognized The attitude of the Chinese Government towards homosexuality is believed to be "three nos": "No approval; no disapproval; no promotion." The Ministry of Health officially removed homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses. In 2016 a man filed a challenge against Georgia's same-sex ban arguing that while the Civil Code of Georgia states that is explicitly between a man and a woman; the Constitution does not reference gender in its section on [382] In September 2017 the Georgian Parliament approved a constitutional amendment establishing as "a union between a woman and a man for the purpose of creating a family."[383] President Giorgi Margvelashvili vetoed the constitutional amendment on 9 October Parliament overrode his veto on 13 October.[384] Prior to the legalisation of same-sex Germany was one of the first countries to legislate registered partnerships (Eingetragene Lebenspartnerschaft) for same-sex couples which provided most of the s of The law came into effect on 1 August 2001 and the act was progressively amended on subsequent occasions to reflect court rulings expanding the s of registered partners. On 17 October 2016 a married same-sex couple filed an action of unconstitutionality seeking to recognise same-sex s performed abroad.[414] In early November the case was admitted to the Supreme Court.[415] A challenge seeking to fully legalize same-sex in Panama was introduced before the Supreme Court in March 2017.[416] The Supreme Court heard arguments on both cases in summer 2017.[417] The Vietnamese Government abolished an administrative fine imposed on same-sex weddings in 2013.[461] The policy was enacted on 11 November 2013 The 100,000–500,000 VND ($24USD) fine will be abolished Although same-sex s are not permitted in Vietnam the policy will decriminalize the relationship habitual privileges such as household registry property child raising and co-habitual partnerships are recognized.[462] On 12 March 2015 the European Parliament passed a non-binding resolution encouraging EU institutions and member states to "[reflect] on the recognition of same-sex or same-sex civil union as a political social and and civil. Portugal created de facto unions similar to common-law for cohabiting opposite-sex partners in 1999 and extended these unions to same-sex couples in 2001 However the 2001 extension did not allow for same-sex adoption either jointly or of stepchildren.[309] On 11 February 2010 Parliament approved a bill legalizing same-sex The Portuguese President promulgated the law on 8 April 2010 and the law was effective on 5 June 2010 making Portugal the eighth country to legalize nationwide same-sex ; however adoption was still denied for same-sex couples.[310] In December 2016 a South Korean appeals court upheld the district court ruling The couple vowed to bring the case to the Supreme Court of South Korea.[433] A 2017 poll found that 41% of South Koreans supported same-sex while 52% were opposed.[434] Support is significantly higher among younger people however with a 2014 opinion poll showing that 60% of South Koreans in their 20s supported same-sex approximately double. On 14 May 2013 the Justice's National Council of Brazil issued a ruling requiring all civil registers of the country to perform same-sex s by a 14–1 vote thus legalizing same-sex in the entire country.[195][196][197] The resolution came into effect on 16 May 2013.[198][199] In March 2013 polls suggested that 47% of Brazilians supported equalization and 57% supported adoption equalization for same-sex couples.[200] Before the October 2017 election LGBT activists started a public campaign with the aim of achieving same-sex within the next. In the United States of America before the case of Obergefell v Hodges couples in same-sex s could only obtain a divorce in jurisdictions that recognized same-sex s with some exceptions.[508] Following the decision of the U.S Supreme Court in the case of Obergefell v Hodges in June 2015 a county clerk in Kentucky Kim Davis who objects to same-sex on religious grounds was named as defendant in six lawsuits after refusing to issue licenses to opposite-sex and same-sex couples Some prominent Americans including politician Ted Cruz expressed support. Same-Sex in Sweden has been legal since 1 May 2009 following the adoption of a new gender-neutral law on by the Swedish Parliament on 1 April 2009 making Sweden the seventh country in the world to open to same-sex couples nationwide replaced Sweden's registered partnerships for same-sex couples Existing registered partnerships between same-sex couples remained in force with an option to convert them into s.[318][319] Same-sex s have been performed by the Church of Sweden. Yu Mei-nu of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) who is the convener of the current legislative session has expressed support for the amendment as have more than 20 other DPP lawmakers as well as two from the Taiwan Solidarity Union and one each from the Kuomintang and the People First Party.[451] Taiwan would become the first country in Asia to legalize same-sex if the Civil Code is amended. In 2010 the European Court of s (ECHR) ruled in Schalk and Kopf v Austria a case involving an Austrian same-sex couple who were denied the to marry.[141] The court found by a vote of 4 to 3 that their s had not been violated.[142] As the Supreme Court was deliberating on the two cases the Inter-American Court of s ruled on 9 January 2018 that countries signatory to the American Convention on s must legalise same-sex On 16 January the Panamanian Government welcomed the decision Vice President Isabel Saint Malo speaking on behalf of the Government announced that the country would fully abide by the ruling Official notices requiring compliance with the ruling were sent out to various governmental departments that. Same-Sex (also known as ) is the of a same-sex couple entered into in a civil or religious ceremony The term equality refers to a political status in which the s of same-sex couples and the s of opposite-sex couples are recognized as equal by. Associated Press style recommends the usages for s and lesbians or in space-limited headlines with no hyphen and no scare quotes The Associated Press warns that the construct can imply that the s of same-sex couples are somehow different from the s of opposite-sex couples.[46][47] On 12 April 2013 the upper house of the French Parliament voted to legalise same-sex [244] On 23 April 2013 the law was approved by the National Assembly in a 331–225 vote.[245] Law -404 grants same-sex couples living in France including foreigners provided at least one of the partners has their domicile or residence in France the legal to get married The law also allows the recognition in France of same-sex couples' s that occurred abroad before the bill's enactment.[246] On 7 June 2012 the Folketing (Danish Parliament) approved new laws regarding same-sex civil and religious These laws permit same-sex couples to get married in the Church of Denmark The bills received royal assent on 12 June and took effect on 15 June 2012.[223] Denmark was previously the first country in the world to legally recognize same-sex couples through registered partnerships. The ruling comes just days after the Government published a consultation paper which promised to same-sex couples and made clear that Britain is only catching up with other countries Equalities Minister Lynne Featherstone said: ‘Put simply it’s not that a couple who love each other and want to formalise a commitment to each other should be denied the to marry.’However the Strasbourg judges ruled that because the French couple were civil partners they did not have the s of married people who in France have the sole to adopt a child as a couple On 10 December 2014 a group of senators from various parties joined LGBT s group MOVILH (Homosexual Movement of Integration and Liberation) in presenting a bill to allow same-sex and adoption to Congress MOVILH has been in talks with the Chilean Government to seek an amiable solution to the pending lawsuit brought against the state before the Inter-American Court of s MOVILH has suggested that they would drop the case if Bachelet's Congress keeps their promise to legislate same-sex [354] In any legal jurisdiction where s are defined without distinction of a requirement of a male and female these complications do not occur In addition some legal jurisdictions recognize a legal and official change of gender which would allow a transgender male or female to be legally married in accordance with an adopted gender identity.[504] Same-Sex is not explicitly prohibited under Indian law and at least one couple has had their recognised by the courts.[385] In April 2014 Medha Patkar of the Aam Aadmi Party stated that her party supports the legalisation of same-sex [386] As of 2017 a draft of a Uniform Civil Code that would legalise same-sex has been proposed.[387] The most prominent supporters of same-sex are s and civil s organizations as well as the medical and scientific communities while the most prominent opponents are religious groups The ruling of the Supreme Court in Obergefell occurred following decades of consistently rising national public support for same-sex in the United States with support continuing to rise thereafter The United States of America is the most populous country in the world to have established same-sex nationwide. President Rodrigo Duterte supports the legalisation of same-sex but feels that such a law may not pass in Congress yet as many are still influenced heavily by colonial-era Christian ideals He also supports same-sex civil unions which has a higher possibility for passage and is supported by the majority of congresspersons.[425] On 19 June 2018 the Philippine Supreme Court heard oral arguments in a case seeking to legalise same-sex in the Philippines.[426] Belgium became the second country in the world to legally recognize same-sex s when a bill passed by the Belgian Federal Parliament took effect on 1 June 2003.[187] Originally Belgium allowed the s of foreign same-sex couples only if their country of origin also allowed these unions however legislation enacted in October 2004 permits any couple to marry if at least one of the spouses has lived in the country for a minimum of three months A 2006 statute legalized adoption by same-sex spouses.[188] A poll carried out between August and October 2015 found that 71% of the Taiwanese population supported same-sex [452] Tsai Ing-wen the President of Taiwan since May 2016 announced her support of same-sex in November 2015.[453] In October 2016 two new same-sex bills were introduced to the Legislative Yuan Subsequently protests have been staged by groups opposing and by groups supporting legalization.[454][455] The American Psychological Association stated in 2004: "Denial of access to to same-sex couples may especially harm people who also experience discrimination based on age race ethnicity disability gender and gender identity religion socioeconomic status and so on." It has also averred that same-sex couples who may only enter into a civil union as opposed to a "are denied equal access to all the benefits s and privileges provided by federal law to those of married couples," which has adverse effects on the well-being of same-sex partners.[11] On 25 February 2016 the Italian Senate passed a bill allowing civil unions with 173 senators in favour and 73 against That same bill was approved by the Chamber of Deputies on 11 May 2016 with 372 deputies in favour and 51 against.[405] The President of Italy signed the bill into law on 22 May 2016 and the law went into effect on 5 June 2016 On 31 January 2017 the Italian Supreme Court of Cassation ruled that same-sex s performed abroad can be fully recognized by court order when at least one of the two spouses is a citizen of a European Union country where same-sex. Since November 1999 France has had a civil union law that is open to both opposite-sex and same-sex couples.[242] The French Government introduced a bill to legalize same-sex Bill 344 in the National Assembly on 17 November 2012 Article 1 of the bill defining as an agreement between two people was passed on 2 February 2013 in its first reading by a 249–97 vote On 12 February 2013 the National Assembly approved the entire bill in a 329–229 vote.[243] In March 2015 the Swiss Federal Council released a governmental report about and new s for families It opens the possibility to introduce registered partnerships for different-sex couples as well as same-sex for same-sex couples.[443] Federal Councillor Simonetta Sommaruga in charge of the Federal Department of Justice and Police also stated she hoped personally that same-sex couples would soon be allowed. They are also available in parts of the United States (California Hawaii Illinois New Jersey Nevada and Oregon).[481][482] What is arguably the first historical mention of the performance of same-sex s occurred during the early Roman Empire according to controversial[120] historian John Boswell.[121] These were usually reported in a critical or satirical manner.[122] In February 2007 a series of rulings by the Constitutional Court meant that same-sex couples could apply for all the s that heterosexual couples have in de facto unions (uniones de hecho).[203][204] On 26 July 2011 the Constitutional Court of Colombia ordered the Congress to pass the legislation giving same-sex couples similar s to by 20 June 2013 If such a law were not passed by then same-sex couples would be granted these s automatically.[205][206] In the United States transgender and intersex s typically run into similar complications.[citation needed] As definitions and enforcement of are defined by the states these complications vary from state to state,[507] as some of them prohibit legal changes of gender.[citation needed] In Quebec prior to the legalization of same-sex only unmarried people could apply for legal change of gender With the advent of same-sex this restriction was dropped A similar provision including sterilization also existed in Sweden but was phased. On 22 December 2014 a proposed amendment to the Civil Code which would legalize same-sex was due to go under review by the Judiciary Committee If the amendment passes the committee stage it will then be voted on at the plenary session of the Legislative Yuan in 2015 The amendment called the equality amendment would insert neutral terms into the Civil Code replacing ones that imply heterosexual effectively legalizing same-sex It would also allow same-sex couples to adopt children. In April 2016 the Supreme Court announced it would hear a lawsuit which seeks to declare Article 44 of the Civil Code unconstitutional for outlawing same-sex [456] President Nicolás Maduro supports same-sex and has suggested that the Constituent Assembly would agree to legalising it.[457] The Parliament approved a bill to legalise same-sex on 18 June 2014.[259] The law was published in the official gazette on 17 July and took effect on 1 January 2015.[260][261][262] On 15 May 2015 Luxembourg became the first country in the European Union to have a prime minister who is in a same-sex and the second one in Europe Prime Minister Xavier Bettel married Gauthier Destenay with whom he had been in a civil partnership. There is ample evidence to show that children raised by same-gender parents fare as well as those raised by heterosexual parents More than 25 years of research have documented that there is no relationship between parents' sexual orientation and any measure of a child's emotional psychosocial and behavioral adjustment These data have demonstrated no risk to children as a result of growing up in a family with 1 or more parents Conscientious and nurturing adults whether they are men or women heterosexual or homosexual can be excellent parents The s benefits and protections of civil can further strengthen these families. Child emperor Elagabalus referred to his chariot driver a blond slave from Caria named Hierocles as his husband.[123] He also married an athlete named Zoticus in a lavish public ceremony in Rome amidst the rejoicings of the citizens.[124][125][126] On 27 May 2016 the Constitutional Court of Latvia overturned an administrative court decision which refused an application to register a same-sex in the country A Supreme Court press spokeswoman said that the court agrees with the administrative court that current regulations do not allow for same-sex s to be legally performed in Latvia However the matter should have been considered in a context not of but of registering familial partnership Furthermore it would have been impossible to conclude whether the applicants' s were violated or not unless their claim is accepted and reviewed in a proper manner.[409] The Supreme Court will now decide whether the refusal was in breach of the Latvian Constitution and the European Convention. On 5 June 2018 the European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled in a case originating from Romania that same-sex couples have the same residency s as different-sex couples when a national of an EU country gets married while resident in a second EU country where same-sex is legal and the spouse is from a third country and the couple then wants to move to the first country.[427][428] Initially the case was filed with the Romanian Constitutional Court which later decided to consult with.